In Tokyo, Japan, from 23 July to 8 August 2021.
In Beijing, People’s Republic of China, from 4 to 20 February 2022.
In Paris, France, from 26 July to 11 August 2024.
In Milan and Cortina d'Ampezzo, in Italy, in 2026.
In Los Angeles, USA, in 2028.
This is a wish shared by many sports enthusiasts, and the IOC appreciates this enthusiasm. As a result, it tries to make the programme of the Games evolve within the limits and rules established.
First of all, a sport must be governed by an International Federation which undertakes to follow the rules of the Olympic Charter, a basic condition for recognition by the IOC. It must also be practised widely across the world and meet various criteria. After that, the IOC ‘s Executive Board may recommend that a recognised sport be added to the Games programme, if the IOC Session approves it.
To be recognised by the IOC, a sport must first of all be governed by an International Federation (IF). This is required in order to conform to the Rules of the Olympic Charter, the World Anti-Doping Code as well as the Olympic Movement Code on the Prevention of Manipulation of Competitions.
A sport is that which is governed by an International Federation (IF).
A discipline is a branch of a sport comprising one or more events.
An event is a competition in a sport or discipline that gives rise to a ranking.
Thus, skiing is a sport, while cross-country skiing, Alpine skiing, snowboarding, ski jumping and Nordic combined are disciplines. Alpine skiing is a discipline, while the super-G, giant slalom, slalom and combined are events.
The International Federations (IFs) are responsible for deciding on the programme of events in their respective sports. However, any proposal by an IF to add or remove disciplines or events has to be approved by the IOC Executive Board.
The International Sports Federations (IFs) are responsible for the governance and technical management of their sport at the Olympic Games. As such, all questions or comments should be addressed directly to the IFs.
The list of sports on the programme of the Olympic Games Tokyo 2020 is available on the official website of the Organising Committee: "Sports" section.
Find out more about how the sports on the Olympic Games programme are selected and the IOC’s rules:
Surfing, sport climbing, karate, baseball/softball and skateboarding are the five new sports added to the programme of the Olympic Games 2020.The IOC has approved the proposal of the Tokyo 2020 Organising Committee to include these five additional sports.
As decided during the IOC Executive Board in June 2017, the following events will make their first Olympic appearance at the Games of the XXXII Olympiad in Tokyo in 2020:
Aquatics (Swimming): 800m (Men), 1500m (Women), 4x100m Medley Mixed Relay
Archery: Mixed Team Event
Athletics: 4x400m Mixed Relay
Baseball/softball: Baseball 6-team tournament / Softball 6-team tournament
Basketball: 3x3 (Men and Women)
Cycling (BMX): BMX Freestyle Park (Men and Women)
Cycling (Track): Madison (Men and Women)
Fencing: Team Events (Men and Women)
Judo: Mixed Team Event
Karate: Kata (Men and Women), Kumite (6 events for men and women)
Skateboarding: Street (Men and Women), Park (Men and Women)
Sport climbing: Combined event (Men and Women)
Surfing: Shortboard (Men and Women)
Table Tennis: Mixed Doubles
Triathlon: Mixed Team Relay
The number of mixed events will double: from nine in Rio in 2016 to 18 in Tokyo in 2020. All new events will make use of existing venues.
The venues are concentrated in two zones: the Heritage Zone and the Tokyo Bay Zone.
The following events have been added to the PyeongChang 2018 Olympic programme:
These modifications were approved by the IOC Executive Board (EB) in June 2015. The EB also decided to remove the snowboard parallel slalom (M/W) in agreement with the International Ski Federation (FIS).
The changes reflect the continued evolution of the Olympic Winter programme and build on the success of recent editions of the Games. They also build on the reforms outlined in Olympic Agenda 2020 which aim to create more flexibility in the programme of the Olympic Games.
The first three athletes receive a medal. The first eight athletes in each event receive a diploma, and their names are announced to the public.
Since the 1932 Winter Games in Lake Placid (USA), the medal award ceremony has always been made on a podium. The first-placed athlete, on the highest step in the centre, receives a gold medal and the title of Olympic champion. The second-place athlete stands to the winner’s right, and receives a silver medal; while the third-placed athlete stands to the left and receives a bronze medal. The flags of all three athletes are raised, and the winner’s national anthem is played.
You can find all Olympic medallists and the results of the latest Games editions in the "Results" section of our website.
11'237 athletes competed at the Olympic Games in Rio in 2016, 6'178 men and 5'059 women.
207 National Olympic Committees including the Refugees Olympic Team and the Indenpendant Olympic Athletes participated in the Olympic Games.
91 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) and the Olympic Athletes from Russia and the Unified Team of Korea in women’s Ice Hockey took part in the Winter Games in PyeongChang.
2,833 athletes (1,664 men and 1,169 women) attended these Winter Games between 9 and 25 February 2018.
The IOC does not establish any ranking by country, as stipulated by the Olympic Charter (Chapter 5, Rule 57).
To find out the number of medals won by the athletes of each National Olympic Committee (NOC) per Games edition, visit each NOC's page (choose those you are interested in at that page), then go to the "Medals" list at the bottom of the page.
You can also consult the NOCs' websites.
If you have not found the answer to your question in our Frequently Asked Questions you may contact us directly by visiting the page linked below. Please be as explicit as possible in order to help us deliver a relevant answer.