Competing and being part of the Games

  • What does an athlete have to do to participate in the Olympic Games?
    • Taking part in the Olympic Games is every athlete’s dream, and requires huge amounts of determination and long years of training.

      Athletes must first comply with the Olympic Charter and follow the rules of the International Federation (IF) governing their sport. The IFs establish the rules and organise qualifying events, while the National Olympic Committee (NOC) of the athlete’s country supports the athlete and is responsible for entering them for the Games.

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  • Can I compete for another team than my nationality?
    • According to the Olympic Charter (Rule 40-41) Any competitor in the Olympic Games must be a national of the country of the NOC which is entering such competitor. A competitor who is a national of two or more countries at the same time may represent either one of them, as he may elect. However, after having represented one country in the Olympic Games, in continental or regional games or in world or regional championships recognised by the relevant IF, he may not represent another country unless certain circumstances. All matters relating to the determination of the country which a competitor may represent in the Olympic Games shall be resolved by the IOC Executive Board.

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  • How many countries and athletes participate in the Olympic Games ?
  • Where do the athletes live during the Olympic Games?
    • During the two weeks of the Games, the athletes live in the Olympic Village. This is a residential complex, generally located close to the Olympic stadium, where the world’s athletes in all the Olympic sports live together.

      The Olympic Village is safe and comfortable. During the Games, it provides for all the athletes’ needs and protects them from disturbance by the outside world. The Village includes the athletes’ accommodation, together with an international zone which includes shops, various services and leisure facilities.

      Once the Games are over, the Olympic Village is usually turned into a new residential zone for the host city, with the accommodation being sold or rented to the local population.

      However, the athletes have not always had their own Village. The accommodation provided for the 1932 Games in Los Angeles is regarded as the first official modern Olympic Village.

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  • Who delivers accreditations to the Olympic Games?
    • The Olympic Identity and Accreditation Card (OIAC) is a document which establishes the identity of its holder. It gives access, to the sites, venues and events placed under the responsibility of the OCOG to perform their roles. The IOC delegate to the OCOG the authority to grants the OIAC to persons eligible for accreditation.

      To ensure a centralised coordination of the accreditation process and prevents individuals making requests directly to an OCOG for accreditation, there are responsible organisations such as International Federations, National Olympic Committees (NOCs), future OCOGs, Olympic Broadcasting Services (OBS) designated as the interlocutors of the OCOG in charge of returning all requests and accreditations documents.

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