Olympism is a philosophy of life, exalting and combining in a balanced whole the qualities of body, will and mind. Blending sport with culture and education, Olympism seeks to create a way of life based on the joy of effort, the educational value of good example, social responsibility and respect for universal fundamental ethical principles.
The goal of Olympism is to place sport at the service of the harmonious development of humankind, with a view to promoting a peaceful society concerned with the preservation of human dignity.
The Olympic Charter (OC) is the codification of the Fundamental Principles of Olympism, Rules and byelaws adopted by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). It governs the organisation, action and operation of the Olympic Movement and sets forth the conditions for the celebration of the Olympic Games.
The Fundamental Principles of the Olympic Charter are based on a document written by Pierre de Coubertin in around 1898. The first edition was published in 1908 under the title of Annuaire du Comité International Olympique. The Olympic Charter was later known by other names, including “Olympic Rules”, before finally taking the name Olympic Charter in 1978.
The three values of Olympism are excellence, friendship and respect. They constitute the foundation on which the Olympic Movement builds its activities to promote sport, culture and education with a view to building a better world.
The Olympic Movement is composed of three main constituents: the International Olympic Committee (IOC), the International Sports Federations (IFs) and the National Olympic Committees (NOCs).
In addition to these three constituents the Olympic Movement is made up of all the organisations which recognise the IOC’s authority: the Organising Committees for the Olympic Games (OCOGs), the athletes, judges and referees, associations and clubs, as well as all the IOC-recognised organisations and institutions.
As is clearly defined in the Olympic Charter, “The goal of the Olympic Movement is to contribute to building a peaceful and better world by educating youth through sport practised in accordance with Olympism and its values.” (Olympic Charter, Chapter 1, Rule 1.1).
National Olympic Committees are one of the three constituents of the Olympic Movement, alongside the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the International Sports Federations.
Their role is to ensure the representation of their respective countries at the Olympic Games by sending competitors and officials as well as to promote the fundamental principles and values of Olympism in their countries, in particular in the fields of sport and education.
They may also nominate interested hosts as candidates for future Olympic Games.
There are currently 206 NOCs.
The International Sports Federations (IFs) establish the rules that govern their sport and ensure that they are applied. They are responsible for the technical aspects of their sport at the Olympic Games. The IFs ensure that their sport is developed worldwide and disseminate the values of Olympism through their activities.
The Olympic Family regroups diverse groups of leaders from the Olympic Movement, including the IOC President and IOC Members, International Federations and National Olympic Committees Presidents and Secretaries General, Chairs and CEOs of TOP Partners, future OCOG senior executives, RHB senior executives and others.
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