London elected Host City for the third time after the 1908 and 1948 Games
This announcement was the culmination of a two-year process, which the IOC has developed over a number of years to ensure that the city that is elected is capable of hosting the Games and that the process is transparent for all involved. Here is a brief recap of how the decision has been reached.
A total of nine cities endorsed by their National Olympic Committees (NOC) submitted their applications to host the Games of the XXX Olympiad in 2012. These cities, in order of the drawing of lots, were: Paris (FRA), Leipzig (GER), New York (USA), Moscow (RUS), Istanbul (TUR), Havana (CUB), London (GBR), Madrid (ESP) and Rio de Janeiro (BRA). These cities all responded to the IOC’s Applicant City Questionnaire, which was then studied by an IOC working group before a report was submitted to the IOC Executive Board.
On 18 May 2004, the IOC Executive Board accepted the following cities as Candidate Cities to host the Games of the XXX Olympiad in 2012 (in order of the drawing of lots): Paris (FRA), New York (USA), Moscow (RUS), London (GBR) and Madrid (ESP) . The Candidate Cities had until 15 November 2004 to submit their Candidature File to the IOC. The Candidature Files were analysed in detail by the IOC Evaluation Commission and followed up by the visits of the Commission to all the Candidate Cities.
In September 2004, President Rogge announced the composition of the IOC Evaluation Commission for the 2012 Games. Led by Nawal El Moutawakel (MAR), IOC member, the Commission was composed of representatives of the Olympic Movement and a number of technical advisors. The Commission visited each of the Candidate Cities on the following dates:
Madrid: 3-6 February 2005
London: 16-9 February 2005
New York: 21-24 February 2005
Paris: 9-12 March 2005
Moscow: 14-17 March 2005
Following these visits, the Commission produced the IOC Evaluation Commission report, which is a technical appraisal of each city’s bid. The report was made public and distributed to the IOC members in June 2005.
117th IOC Session in Singapore
The culmination of the bid process was the meeting of the 117th IOC Session in Singapore. The cities each had 45 minutes to give a presentation to the Session, followed by 15 minutes for questions. Following the presentations by the cities, the Chair of the Evaluation Commission, Nawal El Moutawakel, addressed the Session on behalf of the Commission. The IOC members then proceeded with the vote and elected London as the host city for the Games of the XXX Olympiad. The National Olympic Committee of Great Britain and the city of London then signed the Host City Contract with the IOC.
The Vote Regulations
All eligible IOC members are asked to vote for the host city election. In each round, each participating IOC member may vote for only one city. As per the voting regulations, only those IOC members who are not nationals of countries for which there is a candidate city in a round are permitted to vote. The votes of members not taking part in a round of voting or who abstain, as well as invalid electronic voting entries, are not taken into account in the calculation of the required majority. If, after the first round of voting, no city obtains the absolute majority of the votes cast, as many rounds are held as necessary for a city to obtain such majority. The city receiving the least number of votes leaves the competition. The name of this city is made public straight away and the vote continues. If only two cities remain in contention, the one that obtains the greatest number of votes is elected. The winning city is then announced by the IOC President at the Announcement Ceremony, following which the newly elected NOC and city will sign the Host City Contract.
Paris: 21 / New York: 19 / Moscow: 15 / London: 22 / Madrid: 20
Paris: 25 / New York: 16 / London: 27 / Madrid: 32
Paris: 33 / London: 39 / Madrid: 31
Paris: 50 / London: 54