These Winter Games were the first to be held in a different nation from the Summer Games of the same year. They also marked the first Asian participation in the Winter Games, with the presence of Japanese athletes for the first time. A new event was contested: the skeleton.
Aged just 15, Sonja Henie of Norway caused a sensation by winning women’s figure skating. Her record as the youngest winner of an individual event stood for 74 years. In the men’s event, Sweden’s Gillis Grafström won his third consecutive gold medal, despite suffering from a badly swollen knee.
Considered the world's first sliding sport, the skeleton event made its debut. The skeleton is like luge except that the athletes descend headfirst. It was staged on the Cresta Run, the famous track made of natural ice which has been reconstructed every winter since the 1870s. The major part of the route of this track lies in a ravine from which stones and earth were used to construct the turns. The track’s wooden structure is then covered with snow and ice. It is considered the birthplace of skeleton. The events of the 1948 Olympic Games also took place on this track.
See the list of teams and medals won by each.See table