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Sapporo 1972

Sapporo 1972The Torch

Sapporo_1972_torch_hero
(GETTY IMAGES)

Route Design and Details

From Olympia, where it was lit, the flame was taken by car to Athens, where it is flown to Japan.

On 30 December 1971, the torch arrived at Okinawa Island, where a 60km relay took place around the island the following day.

On 1 January 1972, the flame reached Tokyo. A ceremony was held at the National Stadium.

On Japanese soil, the flame was taken first to Nirasaki. There, it was split in two and followed two routes up the island of Honshu, one on the east coast the other on the west coast, meeting at Aomori in the north of the island. Once on the island of Hokkaido, after crossing the Tsugaru Strait, the flame split in three, passing through the cities of Hakodate, Kushiro and Wakkanai before reaching Sapporo.

On 29 January, the three flames reached Sapporo.

On 30 January, the three flames were reunited at a ceremony attended by IOC President Avery Brundage. The flame was then taken to the City Hall square.

On 3 February, the flame was taken to the Opening Ceremony. Skater Izumi Tsujimura passed it to Hideki Takada, who lit the cauldron.

Map of the Route

Sapporo-1972-map

Facts and Figures

Start date: 28 December 1971, Olympia (Greece)

End date: 3 February 1972, Makomanai Speed Skating Rink, Sapporo (Japan).

First torchbearer: Yiannis Kirkilessis. He was also the first torchbearer in Greece for the relay of the 1972 Summer Games in Munich.

Last torchbearer: Hideki Takada, a 16-year-old high school pupil from Sapporo

Number of torchbearers: ~16,300 in total

Recruitment of torchbearers: For the relay in Japan, only boys and girls aged between 11 and 20. The last two torchbearers were chosen by the Vice-President of the Organising Committee, Prince Tsuneyoshi Takeda, who was an IOC member from 1967 to 1981 and then an honorary member.

Distance: 18,741km: 335km in Greece, 66km on Okinawa Island, 4,754km in Japan and 13,586km by plane and boat

Countries visited: Greece, Okinawa (then under U.S. administration), Japan

Torch Details

Description: The torch consisted of a holder with a cylindrical combustion tube. It bore the inscription “Sapporo 1972” and the emblem of these Games. The shape of the bowl echoed that of the Olympic cauldron.

Colour: Black

Length: 55cm (only the tube)

Fuel: Priming and smoke-producing powder. Main components of fuel: red phosphorus, manganese dioxide, magnesium and wood meal. The burning time was 10 minutes for the torches carried by runners and 14 minutes for those used in cars.

Designer / Manufacturer: Munemichi Yanagi / Nikkei Yanagi

Sapporo_1972_torch_big
(IOC)

Did You Know?

The safety lamp’s fuel was pure kerosene, and it could burn for 48 hours nonstop. A protection system featuring an air cushion was incorporated to protect it from violent impacts when it was being transported by car.

The main cauldron which overlooked the Makomanai Speed Skating Rink was made of bronze with a coating of dusty gold. It was asymmetrical, measuring 2.78 by 2.18 metres, and was 2.98 metres high. It was fuelled by propane. Like the torch, it was designed by Munemichi Yanagi.

After the Opening Ceremony, Olympic flames were taken to the competition venues at Mount Teine and Mount Eniwa. There, they burned in auxiliary cauldrons during the competitions.

Sapporo
1972

Discover the Games

The Brand

A visual identity is developed for each edition of the Olympic Games.

The Medals

Beginning as an olive wreath, medal designs have evolved over the years.

The Torch

An iconic part of any Olympic Games, each host offers their unique version.