The Olympic rings are the exclusive property of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). They are a mark protected around the world and cannot be used without the IOC's prior written consent.
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The Olympic properties are:
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) owns all rights on the Olympic properties.
Olympism is a philosophy of life, exalting and combining in a balanced whole the qualities of body, will and mind. Blending sport with culture and education, Olympism seeks to create a way of life based on the joy found in effort, the educational value of good example and respect for universal fundamental ethical principles.
The goal of the Olympic Movement is to contribute to building a peaceful and better world by educating youth through sport practiced without discrimination of any kind and in the Olympic spirit, which requires mutual understanding with a spirit of friendship, solidarity and fair play.
Olympism in action includes six global activities:
Sport for All, Peace through Sport, Development through Sport, Women and Sport, Education through Sport as well as Sport and Environment.
“The Olympic Charter is the codification of the fundamental principles of Olympism, and the rules and bye-laws adopted by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). It governs the organisation, actions and functioning of the Olympic Movement and establishes the conditions for the celebration of the Olympic Games.”
The Fundamental Principles of the Olympic Charter are based on a document written by Pierre de Coubertin in around 1898. The first edition was published in 1908 under the title of Annuaire du Comité International Olympique. The Olympic Charter was later known by other names, including “Olympic Rules”, before finally taking the name Olympic Charter in 1978.
The three values of Olympism are excellence, friendship and respect. They constitute the foundation on which the Olympic Movement builds its activities to promote sport, culture and education with a view to building a better world.
The Olympic flag is an Olympic property. Its use is reserved for the Olympic Games. For this reason, it cannot be made available for public use.
The Olympic symbol consists of five interlaced rings of equal dimensions, used alone, in one or in five different colours, which are, from left to right, blue, yellow, black, green and red. The Olympic symbol (the Olympic rings) expresses the activity of the Olympic Movement and represents the union of the five continents and the meeting of athletes from throughout the world at the Olympic Games.
But watch out, it is wrong to say that each of the colours corresponds to a certain continent! In fact, when Pierre de Coubertin created the Rings in 1913, the five colours combined with the white background represented the colours of the flags of all nations at that time, without exception.
The Rings appeared for the first time in 1913 at the top of a letter written by Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympic Games. He drew and coloured the rings by hand.
In the Olympic Review of August 1913, he explained that "These five rings represent the five parts of the world now won over to Olympism and ready to accept its fertile rivalries. Moreover, the six colours thus combined reproduce those of all the nations without exception."
Launched in August 2016 in support of the IOC’s goal, set out in Olympic Agenda 2020, the Olympic Channel is a multi-platform global media destination where fans can discover, engage and share in the power of sport and the excitement of the Olympic Games all year round.
Offering award-winning original programming, news, live sports events, and social media and interactive content the Olympic Channel has found new ways to attract and engage younger generations, fans and new audiences with the Olympic Movement while providing additional exposure for sports and athletes.
Using a feature-rich digital product with athletes at the heart of its programming, the Olympic Channel is home to video content representing all Olympic sport disciplines and 206 countries. The Olympic Channel global digital platform is subscription-free and currently available worldwide in 12 languages at olympicchannel.com and on its apps for mobile and connected TV devices.
"The important thing in life is not the triumph, but the fight; the essential thing is not to have won, but to have fought well."
Inspired by the words of the Bishop of Pennsylvania, Ethelbert Talbot, Pierre de Coubertin first spoke this phrase in a slightly different form at a reception given by the British government on 24 July 1908. It went on to become the Olympic Movement’s creed.
The Olympic motto is made up of three Latin words :
Citius - Altius - Fortius. These words mean Faster - Higher - Stronger.
It was the Dominican priest Henri Didon who first expressed the words in the opening ceremony of a school sports event in 1881. Pierre de Coubertin, who was present that day, adopted them as the Olympic motto. It expresses the aspirations of the Olympic Movement not only in its athletic and technical sense but also from a moral and educational perspective.
The Olympic motto is an Olympic property.
- Olympic Charter, Rule 7, "Rights over the Olympic Games and Olympic Properties"
The music for the Olympic anthem was composed by Spiros Samaras, to words by Kostas Palamas, for the first Games in Athens in 1896. Various musical arrangements went on to be played at the opening ceremonies. In 1958, in Tokyo, the IOC Session decided that the Samaras/Palamas composition would be the official Anthem as of the 1960 Games (Squaw Valley and Rome).
The Olympic anthem is one of the Olympic properties:
A few months before the opening of the Olympic Games, a flame is lit at Olympia, in Greece. The location recalls the link between the Ancient Olympic Games and their modern counterpart. From there, the Flame is carried for a number of weeks to the host city, mainly on foot by runners, but also using other forms of transport.
Throughout the Torch relay, the flame announces the Olympic Games and spreads a message of peace and friendship between peoples. The Torch relay ends at the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games. The final runner (or sometimes runners) enters the stadium and lights the cauldron with the Olympic flame. The Games can then begin!
For the Summer Games, the first Olympic torch relay was in 1936. Reviving the idea of the torch races in Ancient Greece, the Secretary General of the Organising Committee for the Games in Berlin, Carl Diem, proposed that a flame be lit at Olympia and then relayed on foot to Berlin. That year, more than 3,000 athletes from seven countries took part in the relay.
For the Winter Games, the first Torch relay was at the 1952 Games in Oslo. It did not begin in Olympia, Greece, but in the Morgedal valley in Norway. It is only since the 1964 Games in Innsbruck that the relay has started in Olympia.
The mascot for the Tokyo Games is called Miraitowa. The name is derived from two Japanese words: mirai (meaning future) and towa (meaning eternity). Miraitowa has the same chequered blue motif as the Tokyo 2020 Games emblem on its head and body. Between December 2017 and February 2018, primary schools in Japan took part in an Olympic and Paralympic mascot selection process and voted for their favourite designs.
The mascot for the 2022 Games in Beijing is called Bing Dwen Dwen. Bing (冰) is the Chinese character for ice, and Dwen Dwen (墩墩) is a Chinese moniker for children. Bing Dwen Dwen is a panda wearing an ice suit, which represents purity and strength. The heart on its left paw symbolises Chinese hospitality. The bright colours of the halo around its face represent ice and snow sport tracks, and the rings recall the shape of the National Speed Skating Oval. Resembling an astronaut, the mascot also illustrates the importance of new technologies for Beijing 2022.
The torch is 71 centimetres long, and its design and colour recall the blossom of a cherry tree, an emblematic tree in Japan. This blossom has also inspired the shape of the torch, with its five cylinders. Flames are generated in each “petal” and are united in the centre of the torch. Each torch is made of a single seamless piece of aluminium. Around 30 per cent of the aluminium used is recycled waste from the temporary housing built in the aftermath of the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011. The weight of the torch was calculated to ensure that every torchbearer can carry it easily. It also features a position mark to help visually impaired torchbearers identify the front of the torch.
The Olympic flame for Tokyo 2020 was lit on 12 March 2020 at Olympia in Greece, and arrived in Japan a few days later. The flame has remained on Japanese soil since it was announced that the Olympic Games Tokyo 2020 have been postponed until 2021. The Relay will continue its journey on 25 March 2021 from Fukushima Prefecture, and travel to the 47 prefectures of Japan over 112 days. The flame will arrive in Tokyo on 9 July, and will be used to light the cauldron in the Olympic Stadium during the Games Opening Ceremony on 23 July.
As 2021 will mark the 10th anniversary of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, the Relay will aim to showcase the recovery of the areas worst affected by the disaster. It will also symbolise a beacon of hope for the world in the run-up to the Tokyo 2020 Games, themselves a symbol of the resilience, unity and solidarity of humankind.
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