Olympic DebutSquaw Valley 1960
Most Gold MedalsOle Einar Bjorndalen (NOR)
Biathlon combines the power and aggression of cross-country skiing with the precision and calm of marksmanship.
Roots in Survival
The word "biathlon" stems from the Greek word for two contests, and is today seen as the joining of two sports: skiing and shooting. Biathlon has its roots in survival skills practised in the snow-covered forests of Scandinavia, where people hunted on skis with rifles slung over their shoulders.
Standardising the Rules
In 1948, the Union Internationale de Pentathlon Moderne et Biathlon (UIPMB) was founded to standardise the rules for biathlon and pentathlon. In 1993, the biathlon branch of the UIPMB created the International Biathlon Union (IBU), which officially separated from the UIPMB in 1998.