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Melbourne
1956

DateNovember 21 - December 8
CountryAustralia, Sweden
Athletes3314
Teams72
Events151
Melbourne 1956

About the Games

O-hosts

Melbourne won the right to host the 1956 Olympic Games by one vote over Buenos Aires.

Great Rivalry

French long-distance runner Alain Mimoun had tasted Olympic defeat on the track three times at the hands of Czech Emil Zátopek. However, in the marathon, it was Mimoun who pulled away to record a comfortable victory. He waited at the finish line for Zátopek, his old friend and great rival, who trotted home in sixth place.

Dominant Team

The U.S. basketball team, led by Bill Russell and K.C. Jones, put on the most dominant performance in Olympic history. They scored more than twice as many points as their opponents and won each of their games by at least 30 points.

Symbol of Unity

Prior to 1956, the athletes in the Opening and Closing Ceremonies marched in alphabetical order by National Olympic Committees. However, in Melbourne, following a suggestion by a young Chinese apprentice carpenter living in Australia named John Ian Wing, the athletes entered the stadium together during the Closing Ceremony as a symbol of global unity.

All Medals

Medal Table

See the list of teams and medals won by each.

See table
Melbourne
1956

Featured Athletes

All Athletes
Gold
Silver
Bronze

Replays from
Melbourne 1956

All Replays
Melbourne
1956

Discover the Games

The Brand

A visual identity is developed for each edition of the Olympic Games.

Brand

Brand

The Medals

Beginning as an olive wreath, medal designs have evolved over the years.

Medals

Medals

The Torch

An iconic part of any Olympic Games, each host offers their unique version.

Torch

Torch