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Grenoble 1968

Grenoble 1968The Torch

Grenoble_1968_torch_hero
(GETTY IMAGES)

Route Design and Details

The route focused on various sports centres in France, and the relay passed through the Jura and Vosges mountains, the Massif Central, the Pyrenees and the Alps, with a stop at Chamonix, host of the first ever Olympic Winter Games.

Lit in Olympia, the flame was taken to Mount Olympus, where a ceremony was held in its honour. It then reached Athens and was flown to Paris. On 19 December 1967, it was Jean Vuarnet, a gold medallist at the Olympic Winter Games in Squaw Valley, who received the flame when it arrived at Paris-Orly airport. The first torchbearer in France was Alain Mimoun, a gold medal-winning distance runner at the 1956 Games in Melbourne and three-time Olympic silver medallist (London 1948 and Helsinki 1952).

At the Opening Ceremony, the organisers added a unique final touch to the relay by placing a microphone on the chest of the last runner, Alain Calmat. His heartbeat could be heard throughout the stadium as he climbed the steps towards the Olympic cauldron.

Map of the Route

Grenoble-1968-map

Facts and Figures

Start date: 16 December 1967, Olympia (Greece)

End date: 6 February 1968, Opening Stadium, Grenoble (France)

First torchbearer: Tassos Bahouros

Last torchbearer: Alain Calmat, Olympic participant in figure skating (1956, 1960, 1964), silver medallist in Innsbruck 1964

Number of torchbearers: ~5,000 in France

Recruitment of torchbearers: The first and last torchbearers were chosen by the Organising Committee’s Sports Director, Colonel Marceau Crespin, and the Director General, Dr. Robert Héraut.

Distance: 7,222km in France: Around 3,500km were covered on foot; 1,600 on skis; 300 on horseback, bicycle or rowing boat; and 1,900 using mechanical means of transport (plane, helicopter, escort ship or vehicle).

Countries visited: Greece, France

Torch Details

Description: The torch was made of copper, featuring a long narrow combustion chamber with a crenellated upper section. The handle was partly covered by a piece of cloth. The upper part bears the inscription: “Xe Jeux Olympiques d’Hiver Grenoble 1968”.

Colour: Red and bronze

Length: 70cm

Composition: Textile and bronze alloy

Fuel: Propane gas. Each canister contained 280 grams, giving a burning time of more than two hours.

Designer / Manufacturer: - / Société technique d’équipements et de fournitures industrielles

Grenoble_1968_Torch_big
(IOC)

Did You Know?

The Organising Committee bought five miner’s lamps, recognised as being suitable for use in mines where there was fire damp, to hold the flame during its transport by air. Fifteen lamps were also lent by the La Mure Colliery. The five lamps belonging to the Organising Committee featured an engraving of the Olympic rings and the inscription: “Grenoble 1968”.

The Olympic cauldron was impressive, with a diameter of four metres and weight of 550kg. Its three-metre wide dish had 70 burners. A helicopter transported and lifted it into place at the top of the tower at the Opening Stadium. The original plan was to extinguish the flame after the Opening Ceremony, but the organisers changed their minds when they realised that the flame could be seen from far away and encouraged the public to visit throughout the Games.

The competition venues had their own, smaller cauldrons, 1.20m tall and 80cm in diameter, with a dish containing eight burners fed with propane by two sets of four bottles hidden in the base.

For the Closing Ceremony, the flame from the Opening Stadium was transferred to the Ice Stadium in a chimney-shaped cauldron one metre in diameter and two metres tall.

Grenoble
1968

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The Mascot

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