The Playbooks have been developed jointly by the International Olympic Committee, the International Paralympic Committee, and the Tokyo 2020 Organising Committee. They are based on the extensive work of the All Partners Task Force, which also includes the World Health Organization, Government of Japan, Tokyo Metropolitan Government, independent experts, and organisations from across the world. And, we will continue to work together, updating the Playbooks in April 2021, when more information is available.

The Playbooks are the basis of our game plan to ensure all Olympic and Paralympic Games participants and the people of Japan stay safe and healthy this summer. The purpose of the Playbooks is to ensure that athletes and other participants know the rules that will keep everyone safe, achieving the goal of prioritising the health and safety of athletes at the Games.

They have been developed jointly by Tokyo 2020, the International Olympic Committee (IOC), and the International Paralympic Committee (IPC). They are based on the extensive work of the All Partners Task Force, which also includes the World Health Organization, the Government of Japan, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government, independent experts and organisations from across the world, as well as the interim report published by the Three-Party Council in December 2020.

Key principles of the athlete experience have been developed in consultation with the IOC Athletes’ Commission.

In addition, they also draw upon the lessons learned from the successful measures being implemented in other sectors, including the successful resumption of thousands of international sports events across the world. The role of the Playbooks and their content will be similar to the event-specific plans that many of you will have used for other events in which you have participated over the past nine months, and they have been produced to ensure the Games can take place safely in line with COVID-19 countermeasures.

The Playbook sets out the countermeasures and establishes parameters that will help you plan your participation in the Olympic Games – how to enter the country, the testing regime involved, special rules for the first 14 days, hygiene measures, etc.

The first edition will reiterate many of the key health countermeasures currently implemented around the globe relating to personal hygiene, testing, and tracing, and some travel and vaccination information. Many of you will have experienced most of these countermeasures at the events in which you have already taken part over recent months.

A typical athlete journey is also mapped out, which will help you picture your stay from 14 days before your arrival right up to when you leave Japan. As such, it will provide direction for you and your teams to help plan for the months ahead.

You can access the Playbook here and through your NOC/NPC. Please contact your NOC/NPC, which will provide you with all the relevant information on how its delegation will be organised for Games time.

All information on the rules and principles for all participants to follow will be outlined in the Playbook.

Building on the experience across many sports that have safely returned to competition, specific COVID-19 countermeasure rules may apply to your sport and at certain locations in your competition and training venues, e.g. the field of play, warm-up regulations, and in athlete preparation areas (such as changing rooms, medical areas, and call rooms).

These are being developed by Tokyo 2020, the IOC/IPC, and your respective International Federation (IF). At each step, as we progress, more information and details will be shared with you, such as how athletes will travel from the Olympic Village to their competition venue, for example.

Vaccines are one of many tools available in our toolbox, to be used at the appropriate time and in the appropriate way. The IOC continues to strongly support the priority of vaccinating vulnerable groups, nurses, medical doctors, and everyone who is keeping our societies safe.

When vaccinations are made available to the broader public, the IOC calls for Olympic and Paralympic teams to be vaccinated – given their role as ambassadors of their NOCs and NPCs to promote safe sport as a contributor to the health and wellbeing of individuals and communities.

The IOC and IPC will therefore work with your NOCs/NPCs to encourage and assist athletes and team officials to get vaccinated in their home countries, in line with national immunisation guidelines, before they go to Japan. This is to contribute to the safe environment of the Games, but also out of respect for the Japanese people, who should be confident that everything is being done to protect not only the participants but also the Japanese people themselves.

Please note that you will not be required to have received a vaccine in order to participate in the Games – and all of the rules outlined in the Playbook will apply, whether or not you have received the vaccine.

This Playbook sets out the responsibilities that apply to all athletes and team officials. Additional sport-specific information will be made available as noted above and should be considered alongside any wider information received from your NOC/NPC.

Yes. We will continue to produce more detailed plans during the lead-up to Tokyo 2020, as the circumstances that we will face become clearer.

An update will be published by April and again as we get closer to the Olympic Games. We will make sure you have all the information you need, as quickly as possible.

Athlete365 will continue to have the latest information available for you.

Make sure that you regularly check Athlete365 and liaise with your NOC/NPC to ensure that you are aware of the latest updates to the Playbook. This Playbook is the single source of truth for information related to the Games, and ad-hoc adjustments might be made outside the official releases if necessary.

Yes. The rules apply in the same way to every athlete and official, regardless of your sport or where you live – just as they apply to all other Olympic Games participants. This is important as you have a responsibility to not only yourself, but also your fellow athletes.

Please take time to understand the plans, the steps you must take and the rules you must follow – starting 14 days before you travel, throughout the length of your stay in Japan and for your return home. It is expected that you take personal responsibility for your part in the plan and follow these rules and principles. As athletes and team officials, you will set the standard.

Not following the rules contained in this Playbook may expose you to consequences that could have an impact on your participation in the Olympic and Paralympic Games, your access to Games venues and, in some cases, your participation in competitions. Repeated or serious failures to comply with these rules may result in the withdrawal of your accreditation and right to participate in the Olympic and Paralympic Games.

Please contact your NOC/NPC if you have any questions on any specific aspect of the Playbook.

Please feel free to contact us at if you have any questions or feedback.

Download the Athletes and Officials Playbook

In this Athletes and Officials Playbook, you will learn more about your time in the Olympic and Paralympic Village. There will be strict control measures to ensure your safety. This will include limiting the amount of time you and support staff stay in the Village, restrictions on socialising outside the Village, your movement between official Games venues, and a COVID-19 screening system that will see you and support staff screened during the Games.